Hypertension is the most common medical disorder encountered during pregnancy. Hypertensive disorders are one of the major causes of pregnancy-related maternal deaths in the United States. We will present a comprehensive update of the literature pertinent to hypertension in pregnancy. The paper begins by defining and classifying hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. The normal vascular and renal physiological changes which occur during pregnancy are detailed. We will summarize the intriguing aspects of pathophysiology of preeclampsia, emphasizing on recent advances in this field.
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Case Study | Hypertension | Medical Specialties
Hypertension is the constant high blood pressure. Hypertension is a serious and dangerous disease and it needs treatment, because constant high blood pressure affects the organism badly. For example, the work of many organs, like heart and kidneys. Hypertension can be caused by the long-lasting consumption of biologically active medicine. The brightest example of such medicine is oral contraception. When women consume this medicine, they will probably have hypertension soon. Then, the impact of oral contraception is very visible among the women who suffer from obesity and the ones who smoke heavily.
Hypertension in pregnancy
Unfortunately the cost per cycle is extremely high; due to that, many cannot afford it. It affects approximately 8. Smoking while pregnant can causes issues with the mother throughout the pregnancy, birth defects with the baby, and other lifelong health issues. If a mother chooses to smoke while pregnant she increases the risks of something not going right throughout her delivery.
Case You are consulted on a year-old gravida 1 at nine weeks gestation with a two-year history of Type 2 diabetes and hypertension. She is admitted to the obstetric inpatient service for glycemic control. Although prescribed metformin and lisinopril, she ran out of both four months ago. She does not have retinopathy, nephropathy, or neuropathy. The obstetric team will begin weight-based insulin to achieve glycemic targets, and they ask for your input regarding blood-pressure management.