Humanism was the third force in psychology, Behaviorism was the first force and Psychoanalytic was the second. Humanist theories are concerned with characteristics that are distinctly and uniquely human, and that people are more important than science. Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers paved the way for this new approach to understanding personality and improving the overall satisfaction of individuals. Both Rogers and Maslow agreed that all individuals have the potential for personal growth, they called this self-actualization.
Humanistic Psychology Essay
Humanistic Psychology: A Case Study - Words | Cram
Calm down an agitated person, assisting a friend through a death of a family member, or something as simple as avoiding negative thoughts through distracting, these forms of lending a hand can be described as psychotherapy. Anton Meamer discovered the age-old wisdom in the eighteenth century, early nineteenth. Anton realized that when a person or individual suffers a variety of mental anguish or illness, when put in a hypnotic trance, their symptoms disappeared. Later, Sigmund Freud rediscovered the theory and showed that the presence of caring, being attentive, becoming a trusted listener assisted with their issues or situations.
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It stresses the idea that a person is an individual and is unique. Humanists look at behavior through the eyes of the person, not as an observer. Everyone needs to be treated differently based on their unique personality.
In the s, psychologists began to develop a theoretical outlook unlike behaviorism and psychoanalysis. The development of humanism was also bolstered by similar philosophical movements in Europe, such as developments in phenomenology and existentialism. Humanistic Theory emphasizes on the whole person. It adopts a holistic approach to human existence and pays special attention to such phenomena as creativity, free will, and human potential. Since humanism is related to the study of the whole person, it emphasises the uniqueness of individuals.