Janice R. Citing Sources Online Citing Academic. Writing Citations of print sources should conform to the guidelines presented in the most recent edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association APA. To cite electronic sources, follow guidelines for scientific style presented in the Columbia Guide to Online Style , by Janice R. Contributors are encouraged to depart from APA and COS-Scientific styles in one respect: please provide first names instead of initials for the authors of cited sources.
Brackets in essays
How to Use a Bracket in Grammar
Published on August 1, by Sarah Vinz. Revised on February 19, An abbreviation is a short form of a word or phrase that is usually made by deleting certain letters. In the following sentence, everything underlined is an abbreviation:. Not all of the abbreviations used in this example have the same look and feel. This is because while Dr.
Despite the best efforts of proofreaders , some books are published with typographical errors. For example:. We could present the above example, for instance, as:. One example where we could do this is when quoting a source that use archaic spellings :.
Sic in square brackets is an editing term used with quotations or excerpts. It is used to point out a grammatical error, misspelling, misstatement of fact, or, as above, the unconventional spelling of a name. Another common Latin expression you might come across is sic transit gloria mundi.