The absence of substance use. However, there are many different types of abstinence. Abstinence is typically interpreted as complete abstinence, defined below:. White, Stigma Alert A person who exhibits impaired control over engaging in substance use or other reward-seeking behavior, such as gambling despite suffering severe harms caused by such activity.
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Sexual addiction , also known as sex addiction , is a state characterized by compulsive participation or engagement in sexual activity , particularly sexual intercourse , despite negative consequences. Proponents of a diagnostic model for sexual addiction consider it to be one of several sex-related disorders within hypersexual disorder. Related or synonymous models of pathological sexual behavior include hypersexuality nymphomania and satyriasis , erotomania , Don Juanism , and paraphilia -related disorders. The concept of sexual addiction is contentious. Animal research has established that compulsive sexual behavior arises from the same transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms that mediate drug addiction in laboratory animals; however, as of , [update] sexual addiction is not a clinical diagnosis in either the DSM or ICD medical classifications of diseases and medical disorders.