Mary P. She is 65 inches tall and weighs pounds. She has a family history of diabetes and heart disease and was recently diagnosed with high blood cholesterol. She has declined the cholesterol-lowering medication her doctor prescribed, and says she would like to explore other methods for lowering her cholesterol first. For the past few weeks, Mary has been taking a tablespoon of coconut oil every day after reading on the Internet that this will lower her cholesterol.
Case study 1: reducing disease risk mary p. is a 57-year-old
Study: Eating nuts can reduce risk of heart disease - darma.info
Objectives: To explore the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease AD in individuals with diabetes mellitus treated with metformin or other antidiabetic drugs. Design: Case-control study. Participants: Seven thousand eighty-six individuals aged 65 and older with an incident diagnosis of AD identified between and and the same number of matched controls without dementia. Matching criteria were age, sex, general practice, calendar time, and years of history in the database. Risk estimates were stratified according to duration of use and adjusted for potential confounders. Conclusion: Long-term use of sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones, or insulin was not associated with an altered risk of developing AD.
Lesson 1: Introduction to Epidemiology
Now that you have read Lesson 1 and have completed the exercises, you should be ready to take the self-assessment quiz. This quiz is designed to help you assess how well you have learned the content of this lesson. You may refer to the lesson text whenever you are unsure of the answer.
Until recently, when you visited the dairy aisle, chances are you headed straight for the blue carton of milk—the skim milk that is. But recent buzz about dairy fat may cause shoppers to pause in front of the oft-shunned red carton of whole milk or other full-fat dairy products, as research suggests that their relationship to heart health is more complex than was once believed. While most studies to date have focused on the association between dairy fat and cardiovascular risk factors, few have examined the relationship to actual onset of cardiovascular disease. The detailed information collected over several decades allowed the investigators to adjust for smoking, physical activity, and other factors known to influence the development of heart disease.