The goal of a research proposal is twofold: to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted. The design elements and procedures for conducting research are governed by standards of the predominant discipline in which the problem resides, therefore, the guidelines for research proposals are more exacting and less formal than a general project proposal. Research proposals contain extensive literature reviews. They must provide persuasive evidence that a need exists for the proposed study. Krathwohl, David R. Your professor may assign the task of writing a research proposal for the following reasons:.
Components of Research Proposal
The Research Proposal « Write Like a Scientist
There is no single format for research proposals. This is because every research project is different. Different disciplines, donor agencies, and academic institutions all have various forms and requirements. There are, however, several key components that must be included in every research proposal. The specific research problem will dictate what other sections are required. Although this delineation is not necessarily final, a project proposal may be structured under the following headings:. The following diagram displays the different stages of a proposal that shows an overview of the whole process:.
How to write a research proposal
Background information identifies and describes the history and nature of a well-defined research problem with reference to the existing literature. Background information does not replace the literature review section of a research paper; it is intended to place the research problem in a proper context. Background information expands upon the key points stated in the beginning of your introduction but is not intended to be the main focus of the paper. It generally supports the question, what did we know about this topic before I did this study?
This guide is intended to help you organize and write a quality academic research paper. Also included are recommendations regarding how to manage specific course assignments. Note that, if you have specific questions about how to write a research paper, you should always seek advice from your professor before you begin. Specific requirements stated by your professor will always supersede instructions provided in these general guidelines. Thanks to Dr.