Last Updated: March 10, References. This article was co-authored by Michelle Golden, PhD. Michelle Golden is an English teacher in Athens, Georgia. There are 19 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
Homework Wars: High School Workloads, Student Stress, and How Parents Can Help
Remote students are more stressed than their peers in the classroom, study shows
Homework , or a homework assignment , is a set of tasks assigned to students by their teachers to be completed outside the class. Common homework assignments may include required reading , a writing or typing project, mathematical exercises to be completed, information to be reviewed before a test , or other skills to be practiced. It is often thought that Roberto Nevilis of Venice, Italy invented homework in as a punishment for his students. Upon further inspection, however, this seems to be more of an internet myth than a fact due to the lack of historic evidence. Instead, it is believed that Horace Mann , an American 19th-century politician and educational reformer , invented the modern concept of homework and made it an educational essential in schools. This inspired Horace Mann to enforce it into the American education system , which subsequently spread it around the world soon after.
Should Students Have Homework?
America has long had a fickle relationship with homework. A century or so ago, progressive reformers argued that it made kids unduly stressed , which later led in some cases to district-level bans on it for all grades under seventh. This anti-homework sentiment faded, though, amid mid-century fears that the U. The 21st century has so far been a homework-heavy era, with American teenagers now averaging about twice as much time spent on homework each day as their predecessors did in the s. Even little kids are asked to bring school home with them.
For full details, please click here. Studies of typical homework loads vary : In one, a Stanford researcher found that more than two hours of homework a night may be counterproductive. The research , conducted among students from 10 high-performing high schools in upper-middle-class California communities, found that too much homework resulted in stress, physical health problems and a general lack of balance.