Evaluate the usefulness of functionalist approaches in understanding crime and deviance. Functionalists see society as based on value consensus. They see crime as disrupting social stability, however, they argue that it is inevitable, and can even be beneficial. Durkheim believes that crime has two positive functions.
Criminology is thus the study of crime and crime causation. It concerns itself with understanding the deep essence of crime as an act or omission, and all the reasons behind its occurrence. In this pursuit, criminology. He stated that criminality was a normal phenomenon, its influence prevalent even on the most saintly of societies. In this essay I will produce a biography of Emile Durkheim and outline his contribution to criminological thought. Durkheim demonstrated that sociology has its own distinctive subject matter that could be studied scientifically. His work influenced many areas, in particular, his idea of society as.
Robert Merton utilize the works of Durkheim using his idea of the theory of anomie. While Durkheim focus on the strain that resulted at the individual levels and the decrease of societal restraint. Merton focused on the norms of the individuals of society along with the cultural imbalance that exists between the goal and the norms of the individuals. Merton views crime as a normal response to the conditions that limits the opportunities for some individuals to obtain the economic success for which we are all strive to achieve. Later in works Merton reformulated the anomie theory which focused on the special strains in different populations of people mainly trying to explain gang delinquency.
Durkheim is regarded as one of the founders of sociology. He introduced sociology as a branch of learning separate from other sciences by declaring that sociologists must examine specific characteristics of group life. In this paper, I plan to provide some insight into who Emile Durkheim was and his contributions to the field of sociology.