Background: Hand-hygiene interventions are widely used in schools but their effect on reducing absenteeism is not well known. Methods: The aim of our literature review was to determine whether implementation of a hand-hygiene intervention reduced infectious disease-associated absenteeism in elementary schools. Results: Our review indicated evidence is available to show hand-hygiene interventions had an effect on reducing acute gastrointestinal illness-associated absenteeism but inadequate evidence is available to show an effect on respiratory illness-associated absenteeism. Conclusions: The methodologic quality assessment of eligible studies revealed common design flaws, such as lack of randomization, blinding, and attrition, which must be addressed in future studies to strengthen the evidence base on the effect of hand-hygiene interventions on school absenteeism. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Nature In Literature - Impact Magazine
As a child, I, like countless children before and since, happened upon Tintin and leapt into the exotic, perilous world of the fresh-faced reporter with the curious tuft and the little button-nose for trouble. I immersed myself in the books, reading them repeatedly, systematically, daily, and, as a result, I am better versed in Herge than Shakespeare. I have always felt that there is more to Tintin than mere picture stories for kids. Reading Tom McCarthy's lively take on Le Petit Vingtieme's finest, I had this belief not only confirmed but stretched to breaking point.
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