In his book An Essay on the Principle of Population , Malthus observed that an increase in a nation's food production improved the well-being of the population, but the improvement was temporary because it led to population growth, which in turn restored the original per capita production level. In other words, humans had a propensity to utilize abundance for population growth rather than for maintaining a high standard of living, a view that has become known as the " Malthusian trap " or the "Malthusian spectre". Populations had a tendency to grow until the lower class suffered hardship, want and greater susceptibility to famine and disease , a view that is sometimes referred to as a Malthusian catastrophe. Malthus wrote in opposition to the popular view in 18th-century Europe that saw society as improving and in principle as perfectible. Malthus saw population growth as being inevitable whenever conditions improved, thereby precluding real progress towards a utopian society: "The power of population is indefinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce subsistence for man".
An Essay on the Principle of Population by T. R. Malthus
Thomas Malthus An Essay On The Principle Of Population Pdf Writer
Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers. Godwin , M. Condorcet e outros escritores. O propio Malthus afirmou:.
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The book An Essay on the Principle of Population was first published anonymously in , but the author was soon identified as Thomas Robert Malthus. The book warned of future difficulties, on an interpretation of the population increasing in geometric progression so as to double every 25 years while food production increased in an arithmetic progression, which would leave a difference resulting in the want of food and famine, unless birth rates decreased. This Act enabled the holding of a national census in England, Wales and Scotland, starting in and continuing every ten years to the present. A key portion of the book was dedicated to what is now known as the Malthusian Law of Population.
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