Published on May 8, by Shona McCombes. Revised on June 19, A case study is a detailed study of a specific subject, such as a person, group, place, event, organization, or phenomenon. Case studies are commonly used in social, educational, clinical, and business research.
Case Study Method Definition, Characteristics, Stages & Sources
CASE STUDY | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures. A major problem in comparative research is that the data sets in different countries may define categories differently for example by using different definitions of poverty or may not use the same categories. Comparative research, simply put, is the act of comparing two or more things with a view to discovering something about one or all of the things being compared. This technique often utilizes multiple disciplines in one study. When it comes to method, the majority agreement is that there is no methodology peculiar to comparative research.
A case study is a research method that relies on a single case rather than a population or sample. When researchers focus on a single case, they can make detailed observations over a long period of time, something that cannot be done with large samples without costing a lot of money. Case studies are also useful in the early stages of research when the goal is to explore ideas, test, and perfect measurement instruments, and to prepare for a larger study. A case study is unique within the social sciences for its focus of study on a single entity, which can be a person, group or organization, event, action, or situation. Often, when researchers use the case study method, they focus on a case that is exceptional in some way because it is possible to learn a lot about social relationships and social forces when studying those things that deviate from norms.
Country Case Studies. They are aimed at a wide audience, ranging from regulators, to corporate managers, to academics. Research for the case studies is conducted in collaboration with government officials, consultants and industry players.