Published on 22 February by Shona McCombes. Revised on 9 June A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research.
Where does the methodology section go in a research paper?
Books used. Some sections are based on work by authors specified in the section. Reports and dissertations have a different structure and layout to essays. A dissertation would probably not make recommendations, unless they are suggestions for further research. Whatever your report or dissertation, it is important to look at the instructions for what is wanted. Example of an academic report. Report and dissertations have a different structure and layout to an essay.
How to write a literature review
If the longest journey begins with the first step, most graduate-level literature reviews begin with choosing a relevant, appropriate, interesting topic about which to do the review. Whether the topic is assigned, chosen from a list of possible options, or most likely developed on your own, a good way to begin your thinking is to take a general issue or subject and formulate it into a question. A good topic selection plan begins with a general orientation into the subject you are interested in pursuing in more depth.
This post begins a series of four that untangles the purpose of working with literature. The literature review chapter usually follows the introductory chapter which has argued for a specific research problem and question, and precedes the research design chapter which will explain how the question is to be answered. In the introductory chapter the question is posed, but in the research design chapter the question is taken for granted.