The concluding paragraph or section of your paper should begin with words telling readers that the content is drawing to a close. Conclusion starters are transitional phrases that let readers know they have reached the final part of a document. Conclusion starters should:. For academic research papers , it is generally expected that the paper will end with a call for additional research in the form of further study of a similar topic or to explore a related research question. The tone should be formal, taking into account the extent to which readers would be expected to have advanced knowledge of the subject matter. Some writing is much less formal than a research paper or school assignment, or you may even get assigned to write an informal essay that calls for more of a personal touch than an academic tone.
A research paper should end with a well-constructed conclusion. The conclusion is somewhat similar to the introduction. You restate your aims and objectives and summarize your main findings and evidence for the reader. You can usually do this in one paragraph with three main key points, and one strong take-home message. You should not present any new arguments in your conclusion. You can raise some open questions and set the scene for the next study.
Published on January 24, by Shona McCombes. Revised on February 8, The conclusion is the final paragraph of your essay.
The conclusion is a very important part of your essay. It's the last thing the reader will see, so it tends to stick in the reader's memory. It's also a great place to remind the reader exactly why your topic is important. A conclusion is more than just "the last paragraph"—it's a working part of the paper.