Clement Greenberg. This is Greenberg's breakthrough essay from , written for the Partisan Review when he was twenty-nine years of age and at the time more involved with literature than with painting. He came, later, to reject much of the essay -- notably the definition of kitsch which he later believed to be ill thought out as, indeed, it is. Later he came to identify the threat to high art as coming from middlebrow taste, which in any event aligns much more closely with the academic than kitsch ever did or could. The essay has an air and assurance of '30s Marxism, with peculiar assumptions such as that only under socialism could the taste of the masses be raised. But for all that, the essay stakes out new territory.
8. Avant-garde and kitch
Kitsch – Art Term | Tate
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Kitsch - Essay Example
Theodor W. He was a leading member of the Frankfurt School of critical theory, whose work has come to be associated with thinkers such as Ernst Bloch , Walter Benjamin , Max Horkheimer , Erich Fromm , and Herbert Marcuse , for whom the works of Freud , Marx , and Hegel were essential to a critique of modern society. As a critic of both fascism and what he called the culture industry , his writings—such as Dialectic of Enlightenment , Minima Moralia and Negative Dialectics —strongly influenced the European New Left. Amidst the vogue enjoyed by existentialism and positivism in early 20th-century Europe, Adorno advanced a dialectical conception of natural history that critiqued the twin temptations of ontology and empiricism through studies of Kierkegaard and Husserl.
Art of the Americas. Postmodern art is a body of art movements that sought to contradict some aspects of modernism or some aspects that emerged or developed in its aftermath. In general, movements such as intermedia , installation art , conceptual art and multimedia , particularly involving video are described as postmodern.