The essence of the independent mind lies not in what it thinks, but in how it thinks. Thinking comes naturally. But you can make it happen in different ways. You can also think strategically and analytically, and mathematically and scientifically. These are a few of multiple ways in which the mind can process thought.
100 Critical Thinking Questions Categorized by Subject
Critical Thinking Skills | College Success
But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed or down-right prejudiced. Yet the quality of our life and that of what we produce, make, or build depends precisely on the quality of our thought. Shoddy thinking is costly, both in money and in quality of life. Excellence in thought, however, must be systematically cultivated.
Critical Thinking Definition, Skills, and Examples
Today, students can successfully complete a four-year science degree at the university level and for all practical purposes remain scientifically illiterate. University science graduates can't explain how science works or what its distinctive methods are. They can't explain how the authority of science is grounded and justified. They can't explain how science differs from pseudoscience. They can't explain how scientific methods differ across the natural sciences and the social sciences.
But when it comes to equally important science topics, they have no problem ignoring evidence and promoting conspiratorial nonsense. This blatant hypocrisy causes confusion and fuels the public's skepticism of science more broadly. In recent months, the mainstream press has been on a crusade against COVID vaccine skepticism, tenaciously promoting science-based medicine and expressing little tolerance for anybody who holds a contrarian opinion.