UNESCO believes education, based on the first language or mother tongue, must begin from the early years as early childhood care and education is the foundation of learning. Languages, with their complex implications for identity, communication, social integration, education and development, are of strategic importance for people and planet. Yet, due to globalization processes, they are increasingly under threat, or disappearing altogether. When languages fade, so does the world's rich tapestry of cultural diversity.
INTERNATIONAL MOTHER LANGUAGE DAY
Bhasha Andolon (Bangladesh Language Movement ) - summary - History of Bangladesh
It also remembers events such as the killing of four students on February 21, , because they campaigned to officially use their mother language, Bengali, in Bangladesh. The fight for language diversity has a history, especially in countries such as Bangladesh. They also encourage people to maintain their knowledge of their mother language while learning and using more than one language. Governments and non-governmental organizations may use the day to announce policies to encourage language learning and support. In Bangladesh, February 21 is the anniversary of a pivotal day in the country's history. People lay flowers at a Shaheed Minar martyr's monument. They also: purchase glass bangles for themselves or female relatives; eat a festive meal and organize parties; and award prizes or host literary competitions.
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February 21 has a special significance for Bangladesh, which transcends its observance as the International Mother Language Day. February 21 has a significance for Bangladesh that transcends its observance as the International Mother Language Day. A resolution seeking to make Bengali a language of the Constituent Assembly along with Urdu and English, was defeated on the first day of Session on February 23, , thanks to bitter opposition by former Pakistan Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan.
When the Dominion of Pakistan was formed after the separation of the Indian subcontinent in when the British left, it was composed of various ethnic and linguistic groups, with the geographically non-contiguous East Bengal province having a mainly Bengali population. In , the Government of the Dominion of Pakistan ordained Urdu as the sole national language, sparking extensive protests among the Bengali-speaking majority of East Bengal. Facing rising sectarian tensions and mass discontent with the new law, the government outlawed public meetings and rallies. The students of the University of Dhaka and other political activists defied the law and organised a protest on 21 February The movement reached its climax when police killed student demonstrators on that day.