Nineteen Eighty-Four: A Novel , often referred to as , is a dystopian social science fiction novel by English novelist George Orwell. Thematically, Nineteen Eighty-Four centres on the consequences of totalitarianism , mass surveillance , and repressive regimentation of persons and behaviours within society. The story takes place in an imagined future, the year , when much of the world has fallen victim to perpetual war , omnipresent government surveillance , historical negationism , and propaganda. Great Britain, known as Airstrip One, has become a province of a totalitarian superstate named Oceania that is ruled by the Party who employ the Thought Police to persecute individuality and independent thinking. The protagonist, Winston Smith , is a diligent and skillful rank-and-file worker and Outer Party member who secretly hates the Party and dreams of rebellion. He enters into a forbidden relationship with a colleague, Julia , and starts to remember what life was like before the Party came to power.
Essay On Collectivism And Individualism
Essay On Collectivism And Individualism | darma.info
Franklin's works written to instruct or improve the public — of which the Autobiography is best-known — all rest on assumptions about the possibilities open to the individual, which have come to be called "the American dream. That is, work is the avenue through which one reaches wealth, and conversely, any one who works hard and uses his opportunities shrewdly can assume that wealth will be his reward. This assumption was revolutionary at the time Franklin lived. Most European countries were still characterized by a clearly defined class structure; their political and social institutions militated against dramatic changes of economic status for more than the lucky few. Franklin, the arch-democrat, felt that in the American colonies anyone could fashion his own economic and social status through his personal merits. He preached that the possibilities were limitless for those practicing frugality, honesty, industry, and like virtues.
Essay on Individualism
Macrosociology: Four Modern Theorists. Industrializing America. The Evolution of the Future.
He is best known for his analyses of media , contemporary culture, and technological communication, as well as his formulation of concepts such as simulation and hyperreality. He wrote about diverse subjects, including consumerism , gender relations , economics , social history , art, Western foreign policy , and popular culture. His work is frequently associated with postmodernism and specifically post-structuralism. Baudrillard was born in Reims , northeastern France, on 27 July