Ten years after its completion, the controversial Aswan High Dam's hydrologic and human consequences are clearer because of a joint US-Egyptian interdisciplinary study. Water supply and distribution is emerging as a major world resource problem with the recognition that unsafe drinking water and inadequate sanitation contribute to health problems. Dams provide water supplies, but they also create conditions favorable to the spread of water-borne diseases. The Aswan Dam solved problems of flooding and drought by opening 2. The negative effects include increasing soil salinity, changes in the water table, excessive downstream water plant growth, and diseases such as schistosomiasis and other intestinal parasites, and the social impact on the Nubians, whose homeland was flooded. Planners must use the information gathered in this study to see that the benefits outweigh the human costs.
Dealing with Sediment: Effects on Dams and Hydropower Generation
Environmental Impact of the Aswan High Dam
As many new dams are planned to be built along the River Nile, many people are fighting back against them. The Aswan Dam is one of the case studies I look at with my GCSE pupils to look at large scale water management and large scale development schemes. In the news recently I have seen that the construction of new dams on the River Nile, particularly in Sudan, are causing conflict with many groups of people worried that the construction of the dams will destroy not only the environment, but also their culture and lifestyle. In , the Nubian people and many activists helping them to fight for their land, won a battle to prevent the construction of the Kajbar Dam, which, if built, would have destroyed up to 90 villages and displaced approximately 10, people.
Aswan High Dam
This Aswan High Dam Essay example is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic, please use our writing services. Finished in , the dam controls flooding, insures a reliable and regular water supply to irrigated farms along the river, and provides hydroelectric power and water for human consumption and industrial use to the rapidly expanding populations of Cairo and other cities of Egypt. Behind the dam lies Lake Nasser, which contains some billion cubic feet of water and is about kilometers long and, on average, 12 kilometers wide. Like most major dam projects, the Aswan High Dam has attracted many critics since the initial announcement of the plans for its construction.
April 12, JPEG. The second image is an enlargement from the top image. This vast engineering project was started in and completed in , and it is one of the largest earthen embankment dams in the world at 3, meters 12, feet long and nearly 1, meters 3, feet wide. Aswan High Dam holds back cubic kilometers Hydropower generated at the dam wall provides 2.